Supported by TotalEnergies in association with Fondation Tuck
Supported by TotalEnergies in association with Fondation Tuck
Afforestation, Reforestation & Ocean («coastal blue carbon»)
Direct Air Carbon Capture and Sequestration technologies
Bio-Energy coupled with Carbon Capture and Storage
Engineered carbon sequestration:
in soils or under chemical rock weathering
Our aim is to create a center of excellence on the theme of carbon management and negative CO2 emissions, with the following roles:
To contribute to the training of a new generation of international researchers and experts who will develop economically acceptable approaches and technologies in line with societal expectations, to maintain in the long term below 450 ppm the CO2 content of the atmosphere.
> Training by & to Research
To promote research results and provide educational tools widely available to raise public awareness and enrich public debate on the need to limit the CO2 content of the atmosphere to 450 ppm in the long term.
Ultimately, the Chair will integrate the work of 7 doctoral and 5 post-doctoral researchers and will also call on several scientific visitors.
The provisional program of the Chair's Research Activities includes a number of doctoral and post-doctoral students as well as a few internships at bac+5 level to support the work of doctoral and post-doctoral students.
It was initially planned to have 7 theses and 5 post-doctoral fellows over the 5 years with the following approach:
Post-doctoral fellowships of 12 to 18 months each, distributed as indicated in the table below. The idea is to rely on these confirmed researchers throughout the duration of the Chair with a major effort at the start and then upon completion of the first batch of theses in order to prepare the synthesis phase of the Chair.
Thesis work increases in strength from the second year with 2 to 3 subjects in parallel, this effort being renewed in the third year, thus enabling all doctoral students to present their dissertations throughout the duration of the Chair.
Internship work lasting between 4 and 6 months each to support the work of doctoral and post-doctoral students. Four internships are planned.
These research objectives in terms of the number of thesis and post-doctoral works remain flexible according to the priorities that will be established by the Chair governance.
As noted on our home page, the range of topics covered by the Chair is very broad: from natural carbon sinks to engineered solutions, including direct capture of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, the use of biomass energy, both of which coupled with CCS and approaches to sequestering carbon in soils or exploiting the weathering process in rocks. Beyond technical issues, scientific obstacles and economic challenges, the Chair's work also encompasses environmental and societal aspects in the broad sense (societal perception/acceptability, etc.). The challenge is to "open the door" to rational, pragmatic and socially accepted responses that can be implemented by 2050 hoping to achieve carbon neutrality at the earliest in the second half of the 21st century.
In order to accomplish these goals, it has been decided to devote the first year of the Chair to taking stock of the situation and carrying out an in-depth analysis of the issue of negative emissions. The objective of this first stage is to identify the major areas to be investigated thereafter and the major bottlenecks to be overcome.
Three topics have been selected as priorities: a PhD research topic and two post-doctoral research works:
Emma Jagu joined IFP School in October 2019 to start her PhD and Dr. Ancuta Isbasoiu joined IFPEN in January 2020 to work on the second topic. On July 2020 Dr. Andrei Carlos Briones Hidrovo joined IFPEN to work on the environmental assessment of negative emissions technologies.
At end of Year 1, the CarMa Chair governance makes the choise to mainly focuss its program research activity on BECCS, extending its initial works to societal aspects of the deployement of BECCS, integrating the temporal dimension in LCA analyses while also considering the possible "competition" between land-use for food and land-use for biomass energy.
Three new topics have been selected:
PhD 2: Negative emissions potential from CCU technologies
PhD 3: Societal issues and possible associated scenarios in the frame of the deployement of BECCS technologies
Post-doc 3: No-harm deployment scenarios of bioenergy (and BECCS) and their contribution to negative emission targets and Sustainable Development Goals
Because of the sanitary situation and its consequences we unfortunately had some recruiting delays. Florian Auclair joined CNRS - UPPA (UMR TREE) on February 2021 to start his doctoral work on topic PhD 3 and Sibylle Duval-Dachary joined IFPEN in September 2021 to start PhD 2 topic. Post-Doc 3 is scheduled to start on November 2021.
The research program of Year 3 is still under elaboration. Two topics have been identified following the path of the two first years. The first one will investigate TIMES integrated assessment models to assess the role of Negative Emissions Technologies in the decarbonization of energy-intensive industries. The second one aims at continuing the work achieved during years 1 and 2 in the frame of the work of Dr Ancuta Isbaosiu (Postdoc 1).
Postdoc 5: Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) or Negative Emissions Technology (NETs) in compliance with carbon markets
Dr Carlos Eduardo Andrade Sandoval joined IFPEN in October 2021 and Postdoc 5 may start early 2022.
The CarMa Chair Networking Group is very pleased to welcome Solène CHIQUIER (Imperial College London) for its October 18, 2021 webinar
The CarMa research team is very pleased to welcome the arrival of
The research team of the CarMa IFP School Chair is very pleased to welcome
Evolen Magazine comes back on the 2020 Evolen days plenary session devoted to Negative Emissions Technologies organized by the Evolen CCUS Committee in close collaboration with the CarMa IFP School
Head of working group Sustainable Resource Management and Global Change
Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change
Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary (PDAS) for Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management
US Department of Energy